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Yemen

Cholera outbreak in Yemen

Focus 
The epidemic is progressing dramatically throughout the country.

    The number of suspected cases identified, which stood at 50,000 on 29 May, reached the number of 419,804 on 28 July (WHO), affecting 21 of the country's 22 governorates. 1,892 deaths were recorded.

    According to OCHA, children under the age of 15 account for almost 40% of the suspected cases identified and about one quarter of the deaths. People over the age of 60 are also among the most affected, accounting for nearly 30% of all deaths.

    In response to this epidemic, MSF has set up cholera treatment centers and units in several hospitals to isolate patients and treat those with symptoms. The organization also supports other structures managed by the health authorities.

    Since March 30, 2017, MSF teams are receiving and treating an increasing number of cases of cholera and acute watery diarrhea in the governorates of Amran, Hajjah, Al-Dhale, Taiz, Ibb and Sanaa. MSF had more than 780 patients on May 9th, more than 5,000 on May 23rd, around 24,000 on June 8th, 62,000 on July 2nd, and reached nearly 75,500 patients on July 16th - 21,5% of the total number of cases registered in Yemen by that date.

    *Main picture: water scarcity is one of the most serious problems in Yemen in general and Abs in particular. © Redhwan Aqlan

    How does a Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) work?

    Cholera is an acute, highly contagious intestinal infection transmitted by the ingestion of water contaminated with the cholera bacillus. The contamination is oral, of fecal origin, and can be done through the ingestion of water or contaminated food.

    The main symptoms are liquid diarrhea and vomiting, causing severe and rapid dehydration to cause death. Young children and the elderly are the most vulnerable.

    The development of the disease is very rapid, even dazzling. Nevertheless, it is an easily treatable disease. In a CTC, which is a specialized structure, patients can be treated while limiting contamination.

    To better understand how patients are accommodated and cared for in these structures, click on the image below.

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