Vue aérienne des habitations détruites à la bande de Gaza. Décembre, 2023. © MSF

Gaza: Attacks on humanitarian workers amid relentless bombardment make vital assistance near impossible

On Wednesday, February 28, 2024

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One month ago, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued provisional measures ordering Israel to prevent and punish acts of genocide and ensure that basic services and aid reach people in the Gaza Strip. However, the humanitarian situation for trapped Gazans remains catastrophic. 

According to local health authorities, the number of people killed in Gaza has risen to 30,000, all while there are no signs of Israeli forces attempting to limit the loss of civilian life or alleviate the suffering of people. 

Israel’s tightened blockade of Gaza hinders the entry of vital supplies into the enclave. At the same time, the provision of aid within the enclave is near impossible due to Israel’s complete disregard for the protection and safety of medical and humanitarian missions and their staff cutting people off from life-saving aid. This reality is making the humanitarian response in Gaza a mere illusion. 

The stark absence of humanitarian space and lack of supplies we’re witnessing in Gaza is truly horrific,” says Lisa Macheiner, MSF project coordinator in Gaza. “If people are not killed by bombs, they are suffering from food and water deprivation and dying from lack of medical care.”

Youssef Al-Khishawi, un agent MSF chargé de l'eau et de l'assainissement, aide des enfants à transporter de l'eau jusqu'à leur tente dans le quartier de Tal Al-Sultan, dans la ville de Rafah, au sud de Gaza, le 27 janvier 2024. © Mohammed Abed

Medical and humanitarian staff forced to risk their lives

Nowhere in Gaza is safe, neither for civilians nor for those trying to provide them with essential aid.  Israel’s blatant and total disregard for the protection of Gaza’s medical facilities or humanitarian workers has made the provision of care and lifesaving assistance an almost impossible task.

In the past five months, healthcare facilities have been subjected to evacuation orders and repeatedly attacked, besieged and raided. Medical staff and patients have been arrested, abused and killed while caring for patients. This includes five of our own staff from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Several family members of our MSF staff have also been killed. 

Consultation de suivi à l'hôpital de campagne indonésien de Rafah. Decembre 2023 © MSF
Gaza: Evacuation orders and forced displacement jeopardise continuity of care for wounded
Over the past week, attacks have intensified in Rafah and residents have begun to flee northwards towards the Gaza Strip's median zone. There is no safe place in Gaza; people have nowhere to go.

In one of the latest instances of ruthless targeting of healthcare facilities, Nasser hospital, the largest hospital in southern Gaza, was besieged for weeks. After a shell struck the orthopeadic department, killing and wounding several people, MSF staff were forced to flee and leave patients behind. One MSF staff member was detained at a checkpoint by Israeli forces while trying to leave the compound. 

We reiterate our call to Israeli authorities to share information about his whereabouts and to protect his wellbeing and dignity. 

Medical staff who remain inside the hospital describe a horrific situation, where patients are trapped with limited food and no electricity or running water. 

Every evening, I say goodbye to my Palestinian colleagues. Every morning, I am afraid I won’t see them in the next morning meeting,” says Macheiner. 

"Every day it feels like we are increasingly running out of options – to treat the wounded, to get the medical supplies, or provide the water that people desperately need.”

Attaque dans le refuge de MSF à Al Mawasi, Khan Younis.  21 février, 2024 © Mohammed Abed
MSF strongly condemns Israeli attack on Al-Mawasi shelter, killing two family members of an MSF colleague and injuring six
MSF condamne avec la plus grande fermeté le meurtre de deux membres de la famille d'un employé de MSF lors d'une offensive israélienne sur Al-Mawasi, à Khan Younis, dans la bande de Gaza. Six autres personnes ont été blessées dans cette attaque.

In the late evening on 20 February, an Israeli tank shelled an MSF shelter in Al-Mawasi, killing two family members of an MSF staff and injuring seven othersIsraeli forces had been clearly informed of the precise location of the shelter underscoring that nowhere in Gaza is safe and that deconfliction mechanisms are unreliable.

Restrictions and lack of protection of aid convoys  

North or south, humanitarian responders have no safety assurances to conduct their work and their convoys are being blocked and severely delayed at checkpoints, making it impossible to reach people in desperate need. 

The north of Gaza has been largely cut off from assistance for months, leaving people trapped and with no choice but to attempt to survive on miniscule amounts of food, water and medical supplies. Entire neighborhoods have been bombed and destroyed. Although MSF has limited visibility of the overall humanitarian and health situation in the north, a few of our staff members remain trapped there.

“The situation in the north of Gaza is catastrophic and getting worse,” says one MSF nurse in the north.

There are no hospitals for even basic treatment, and the pharmacies are empty of drugs. My children have been sick for weeks because of the lack of clean water and proper food, and they are getting worse.”

According to the United Nations, between 1 January and 12 February, half of missions planned by humanitarian partners to deliver aid and undertake assessments in areas north of Wadi Gaza were denied access by the Israeli authorities. The World Food Programme (WFP) is the latest humanitarian organisation forced to halt lifesaving assistance to northern Gaza, saying the conditions do not allow for the safe distribution of food.

Ordures accumulées dans les rues de Yabna, un quartier de la ville de Rafah, au sud de Gaza. © Mohammed Abed

“People cannot endure any more suffering

As part of Israel’s complete and inhumane siege of Gaza, the severing of aid supplies has plunged some two million people in Gaza into desperation. The number of trucks entering the enclave dropped from an average of 300 to 500 trucks daily before the war, to an average of just 100 trucks daily between 21 October and 23 February. On 17 February, only four trucks were allowed into Gaza. 

Prolonged and unpredictable administrative procedures for aid deliveries to Gaza are impeding access to lifesaving equipment and supply for healthcare facilities. It can take up to one month for supplies to enter Gaza as each box in each truck is submitted to screening. If Israeli authorities reject even one single item during the screening process, the entire cargo must be returned to Egypt. With no official list of restricted items, MSF has consistently been denied the import of power generators, water purifiers, solar panels and various medical equipment.

Every second that supplies are delayed, and every time an item is blocked, more devastating and unacceptable suffering is caused,” says Macheiner. “These supplies mean the difference between life and death for many people.” 

Sud de Gaza. Les rues de Rafah sont pleines de gens qui construisent des abris. 28 novembre, 2023 © MSF

In Rafah, southern Gaza, some 1.5 million forcibly displaced people are living in horrific conditions. They lack the basics needed to survive. Women are forced to use scraps of clothing as sanitary pads, and people are living in muddy tents without mattresses or warm clothing.

People with chronic conditions such as cancer, diabetes or epilepsy have barely any access to drugs and medicine,” says Dr Hossam Altalma, an MSF doctor who works in the Al-Shaboura clinic. “People are desperate and willing to pay any price to get medication.”

MSF teams continue to provide humanitarian and medical care in Gaza where possible including surgery, post-operative care, maternity care, mental health support and water distribution. But this is all a drop in the ocean in comparison to people’s needs. MSF calls once again for an immediate and sustained ceasefire, meaningful safety assurances for humanitarian workers, and the end to the inhumane blockade, to ensure people receive life-saving assistance.

Image d'une famille prise à la bande de Gaza en novembre, 2023. © MSF

People in Gaza cannot endure any more suffering,” continues Macheiner. “They have lost all sense of safety, whether from the constant threat of being killed by bombs at night or the uncertainty of finding their next meal or drink of water.” 

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