Drapeau MSF

Qui sommes-nous ?

Médecins Sans Frontières est l’une des principales organisations humanitaires médicales internationales. Nous fournissons une assistance médicale aux personnes touchées par les conflits, les épidémies, les catastrophes ou l'exclusion des soins de santé dans 74 pays. Découvrez l'histoire de la création de MSF et ses activités au Luxembourg.

Création et histoire de MSF

MSF a été fondée en 1971 à Paris par un groupe de journalistes et de médecins. Aujourd'hui, nous sommes un mouvement mondial dont le personnel atteint près de 63 000 personnes.

Une organisation médicale humanitaire internationale et indépendante

Nos équipes interviennent dans 74 pays et sont composées de dizaines de milliers de professionnels de la santé, de personnels logistiques et administratifs - liés par notre charte.

Nos actions sont guidées par l'éthique médicale et les principes d'impartialité, d'indépendance et de neutralité.

PAYS OÙ NOUS INTERVENONS

Groupe de personne marchant dans l'eau

 

 

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) est une organisation internationale qui apporte une assistance médicale aux personnes touchées par les conflits, les épidémies, les catastrophes ou l'exclusion des soins de santé.

 

  

Drapeau MSF

Une organisation médicale humanitaire internationale et indépendante

Découvrez nos valeurs.

MSF au Luxembourg

La section luxembourgeoise de MSF a été créée en 1986.

Aujourd’hui, 35 salariés travaillent au sein de l’association pour sensibiliser la population luxembourgeoise aux problématiques humanitaires, collecter les fonds nécessaires au financement des interventions, encadrer les volontaires MSF qui partent sur le terrain et mener à bien des dizaines de recherches opérationnelles en lien direct avec les opérations afin de rendre celles-ci toujours plus efficaces.

Les chiffres au Luxembourg

MEMBRES ASSOCIATIFS

DONATEURS ACTIFS

BÉNÉVOLES

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DE FONDS PRIVÉS EN 2022

MEMBRES DU CONSEIL D'ADMINISTRATION

Depuis 2009, MSF Luxembourg met son expertise au service du développement de la recherche médicale sur le terrain grâce aux compétences de l’unité de recherche opérationnelle au Luxembourg, dénommée LuxOR (Luxembourg Operational Research).

Timeline

1971

A charter for the new MSF

MSF is officially founded on 22 December 1971. At the time, 300 volunteers make up the organisation: doctors, nurses and other staff, including the 13 founding doctors and journalists.

Création de la charte MSF en 1971

1972

MSF's first mission

MSF's first mission in 1972 takes place in Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, following an earthquake that destroys most of the city and kills between 10,000 and 30,000 people.

1974

Honduras

In 1974, MSF sets up a relief mission to help the people of Honduras after Hurricane Fifi causes major flooding and kills thousands of people.

Image du Honduras en 1974

1975

The turning point

In 1975, MSF sets up its first large-scale medical programme during a refugee crisis, providing medical care to waves of Cambodians seeking to escape Pol Pot's oppressive regime. During these first missions, MSF's weaknesses as a new humanitarian organisation become clear: preparation is lacking, doctors are unsupported and supply chains are tangled. It is a turning point and the movement begins to fracture.

Image de personnes en 1975

1976

Learning to work in a context of war

From 1976 to 1984, MSF is present in Beirut and other towns in Lebanon to treat all those wounded in the war. Every day, the team treats patients injured by shrapnel or bullets. Broken limbs and burns are also treated. 

MSF 1976

1979

Competing visions lead to a split

In the 1970s, under the leadership of Dr Claude Malhuret and Dr Francis Charhon, MSF begins to move beyond sending doctors to crisis zones to creating a more structured organisation. The co-founder, Dr Bernard Kouchner, disagrees with this development and leaves MSF to found another organisation called Médecins du Monde.

Une femme, son enfant et un médecin en 1979

1980

A transformation

From then on, MSF's new "realistic" leadership - led by Claude Malhuret (in the center) and Rony Brauman (on the right) - helps transform MSF into the professional organisation it is today.

Image de 3 hommes en 1980

1980

Cambodia

A first appearance on the international scene is organized with the “March for the survival of Cambodia”.

3 hommes marchant dans la rue

1984

Ethiopia - Famine and speaking out

In August, 50 people are dying of hunger every day, while thousands wait for food to be distributed. It takes months for the government to declare a "famine". When the government starts to forcibly displace people and divert humanitarian aid, the MSF teams know they have no choice but to speak out. In December 1985, one of the two MSF sections working in the country is expelled.

1988

50,000 dead in Armenia

The first large-scale intervention is planned by the six operational centers at the time (France, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland).

1991

Civil war in Somalia

More than 300,000 Somalis die in the conflict. On 9 December 1992, the US army land on the beaches of Mogadishu to restore order and distribute food aid. Faced with the prospect of becoming bogged down in a never-ending conflict, the United States hand over to UN peacekeepers. MSF denounces the inconsistency of this strategy, as well as the excesses committed by the military. In 1992, MSF alerts the international community to the famine raging in the country.

Patient sur une table d'opération en 1991

1991

War in Yugoslavia

On 14 December 1995, the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords puts an end to the separatist war in former Yugoslavia and creates the state of Bosnia-Herzegovina. MSF claims that the massive distribution of aid is a "humanitarian alibi" from an international community that is unwilling to take political and military action to end the conflict. Some MSF leaders are even calling for armed intervention against the Bosnian Serb artillery bombardment of Sarajevo.

1993

Bosnia

During the Bosnian war, MSF's medical programmes in the region are extended to the "protected areas" of Goradze and Srebenica. In December 1992, MSF publishes a report describing the Bosnian Serbs' policy of ethnic cleansing. The report denounces the Bosnian Serbs for obstructing supplies to Srebrenica and Gorazde, two Muslim enclaves under siege. In 1995, MSF raises public awareness and denounces the lack of protection for the population in these enclaves.

Evacuation de patient en 1993

1994

"Doctors can't stop genocide"

Genocide breaks out in Rwanda. MSF teams witness the massacre of patients and staff. In May, MSF ask the French government to help put an end to the massacre. On 24 May, MSF appears before the UN Commission on Human Rights, hoping to provoke a reaction from member states. Following the massacre of more than 800,000 Tutsis and Hutus, MSF takes the unprecedented step of calling for international military intervention.

MSF 1994

1995

Srebrenica massacre

MSF is the only international presence when the enclave of Srebrenica (Bosnia), theoretically protected by UN-mandated troops, falls.

In August 1995, MSF denounces the massacre of 8,000 civilians by Serb troops.

MSF 1995

1995

The war in Chechnya

In December 1994, Russian tanks enter the capital, Grozny. A million people are trapped under a deluge of bombs, rockets and machine-gun fire. The city is razed to the ground. An MSF team provides medical support in extremely unstable conditions. Two years later, MSF calls on the international community to get the Russian government to put an end to the massive human rights violations in Chechnya and the systematic attacks on the civilian population.

1998

Famine in Sudan

MSF provides aid while denouncing the shortcomings of the United Nations aid system, which does not help the most vulnerable but benefits the most powerful. MSF's complaint mainly targets the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP).

MSF 1998

1998

Famine in North Korea

MSF withdraws after three years, unable to guarantee that medical aid would reach the most vulnerable, but continues to help refugees fleeing to China.

1999

Crisis in Kosovo

MSF provides medical care to displaced civilians in Kosovo and in refugee camps in Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro, as well as to civilians in Serbia.

MSF 1999

1999

Second war in Chechnya

MSF requests access to Grozny and denounces the massive use of violence against civilians by Russian forces.

1999

Nobel Peace Prize

In October 1999, MSF is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "in recognition of the organisation's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents" and as a tribute to our medical staff who have treated tens of millions of people. In his acceptance speech, Dr James Orbinski, President of MSF's International Council at the time, directly addresses Russian leader Boris Yeltsin and condemns Russian violence against civilians in Chechnya.

1999

MSF launches a campaign for access to medicines

Proceeds from the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to MSF are used to set up the Campaign for Access to Essential Medicines (now known as the Access Campaign), designed to support pilot projects for the clinical development, production, purchase and distribution of treatments for neglected diseases.

2001

The HIV/AIDS pandemic

MSF begins treating HIV-positive people with antiretroviral therapy in seven countries.

MSF 2001

2002

Famine in Angola

In spring 2002, MSF carries out an exploratory mission in Bunjei. One child in three is suffering from acute malnutrition and more than a thousand fresh graves have been discovered.

MSF calls on other humanitarian organisations, donors and the government for help. More than 9,000 severely malnourished children and 20,000 moderately malnourished children are treated. Some 200 international volunteers and more than 2,200 national staff take part in the operation.

MSF 2002

2002

Work in Lampedusa, Italy

MSF teams begin assisting people crossing the Mediterranean to Europe at the Lampedusa reception centre, providing medical care to new arrivals.

2002

Afghanistan

MSF continues to help civilians in Afghanistan following the military action led by the United States.

2002

Growing resistance to malaria treatment

MSF starts to use artemisinin-based combination therapies and urgently requests that national protocols be changed in Africa.

2003

US invasion of Iraq

MSF teams remain in Baghdad during the war and call the US government to account for its failure to provide adequate medical care to civilians.

MSF 2003

2003

Creation of DNDi

MSF is one of the founding partners of a new initiative to develop medicines for neglected diseases, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi).

2004

Five MSF workers killed in Afghanistan

In June, five MSF staff members are attacked and killed while on the road in Afghanistan. The lack of reaction from the authorities following this event illustrates the passivity of the authorities and their lack of commitment to ensuring the safety of humanitarian workers. As a result, MSF withdraws completely from the country after 20 years of presence.

MSF 2004

2004

Tsunami in South-East Asia

The first MSF team arrives within 72 hours of the disaster, on 26 December 2004, and assessments are carried out in Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Faced with this unprecedented outpouring of solidarity, and having established the extent of its intervention in the region, MSF asks donors to cease their donations for the crisis, having received more funds than necessary for its medical programmes in the region.

2005

Nutritional crisis in Niger

MSF responds to a neglected malnutrition crisis in Niger by treating 63,000 severely malnourished children on an outpatient basis with a new ready-to-use therapeutic food. This is the first time this treatment protocol has been used on such a large scale. MSF now revises its guidelines for the treatment of malnutrition to include this innovative approach.

MSF 2005

2006

Sri Lanka returns to war

As tens of thousands of people flee renewed fighting in the north of the country, MSF reopens its surgical programmes in the north and centre of Sri Lanka after suffering a series of setbacks at the hands of the authorities.

MSF 2006

2006

La Mancha

To cope with the constant growth of its activities, budgets and sections, MSF devotes a whole year to a series of internal consultations and debates. The result is a series of plans to improve the decision-making processes and governance structures of MSF as a movement and as an association. The La Mancha Accord outlines the aspects of our work on which we agree and which we consider essential.

2007

Malnutrition

With ready-to-use therapeutic foods proving successful in the treatment of severely and moderately malnourished children, MSF campaigns for other actors in the field to strengthen their programmes and adopt similar protocols. Through the Access to Essential Medicines Campaign, MSF lobbies for food aid and nutrition programmes to include ingredients suitable for the most vulnerable children, i.e. those aged between six months and two years.

MSF 2007

2008

Nutritional emergency in Ethiopia

After detecting alarming rates of malnutrition among children under the age of five, MSF launches an emergency response in the south of the country. Teams treat more than 72,000 children suffering from acute malnutrition and distribute food to 14,000 other children at risk.

MSF 2008

2009

Back in Afghanistan

After an absence of five years (see 2004), MSF returns to the country and begins supporting hospitals in Kabul and Lashkargah, the capital of Helmand province.

MSF 2009

2009

A difficult year in Sudan

MSF launches emergency interventions in the south in response to escalating violence and epidemics, while in Darfur the government expels two MSF sections and four staff members are kidnapped. Some projects are closed, but MSF continues to provide almost 129,000 consultations and supports many local health centres.

2010

Earthquake and cholera in Haiti

MSF launches the largest emergency response in its history, just one day after the earthquake on 12 January. Hundreds of thousands of people are injured or dead and millions have lost their homes. In October, after cholera struck Haiti, MSF mobilises hundreds of staff to respond to the situation. We open more than 50 cholera treatment centers across the country, launch extensive public education campaigns and treat more than 100,000 patients.

MSF 2010

2012

The war in Syria

The humanitarian situation is deteriorating throughout the region. Millions of Syrians are seeking refuge, but the aid and medical assistance they are receiving is not enough. In early 2014, five MSF employees are kidnapped in Syria. Later that year, MSF decides to withdraw from territories controlled by the Islamic State group. Since 2011, MSF has been supporting a growing number of medical facilities in some of the areas most affected by the conflict.

MSF 2012

2013

Leaving Somalia

On 14 August, MSF closes all its programmes in Somalia, following several attacks on its team members, including the kidnapping of two staff members. The indifference, and even acceptance, of these attacks by the various actors with whom we were negotiating secure access, put an end to 22 years of MSF medical care in the country.

MSF 2013

2014

Ebola epidemic

The largest Ebola epidemic in history is officially declared on 22 March in Guinea. It claims more than 11,300 lives in six West African countries, including more than 500 healthcare workers.

At the height of the epidemic, MSF employed nearly 4,000 national staff and more than 325 international staff. MSF admits a total of 10,376 patients to its Ebola care centers, of whom 5,226 are confirmed cases of Ebola. The epidemic ends in June 2016.

MSF 2014

2014

War in Yemen

In the second half of 2014, a multi-faceted civil war breaks out in Yemen. Armed men from the Ansar Allah party clash with a Saudi-led coalition of Islamist groups, jihadist forces and a southern Yemeni independence movement. The already poor country is further devastated by the war, shattering an already fragile health system. Ordinary Yemenis struggle to access and pay for medical care, and a massive cholera epidemic in 2017 ravages the country again, killing thousands.

2015

Search and rescue operations in the central Mediterranean

Tens of thousands of migrants and refugees embark on perilous journeys across the central Mediterranean to reach Europe. In May, MSF and other NGOs begin conducting search and rescue (SAR) operations in the central Mediterranean.

MSF 2015

2015

Hospitals are not targets

On 3 October, a sustained US air strike kills 42 people and destroys MSF's trauma care centre in Kunduz, Afghanistan. In 2016, some 75 medical facilities managed and supported by MSF are attacked in Syria and Yemen.

On 3 May 2016, Dr Joanne Liu, MSF's international president, calls on the members of the UN Security Council to protect civilians and hospitals in war zones.

2016

MSF stops receiving funds from the EU and Member States

In June, MSF announces that it would no longer receive funding from the European Union and its Member States, in opposition to their harmful deterrence policies against refugees and migrants and their increasing attempts to push people and their suffering away from European shores. This decision is effective immediately and applies to our projects worldwide.

MSF 2016

2017

European governments are fuelling the business of suffering

MSF International President Joanne Liu sends an open letter to European government leaders: "The detention of migrants and refugees in Libya is rotten to the core. It must be named for what it is: a thriving business of abduction, torture and extortion. And European governments have chosen to contain people in this situation."

MSF 2017

2017

Returning to Somalia

After withdrawing from the country in 2013, MSF opens a nutrition programme in the Puntland region. Although the security situation has not improved, our commitment to the Somali population, who are facing extreme suffering, has led us to resume our activities. The scale of our activities remains limited and our ability to operate depends largely on the acceptance and active support we receive from the host authorities and communities.

2017

The Rohingya refugee crisis

Since 25 August, more than 655,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh following targeted violence against them in Myanmar's neighbouring Rakhine state.

Most of them are living in dire conditions in refugee camps. In response, MSF is expanding its operations in the region, covering water, sanitation and medical activities for the refugees.

2018

Successive Ebola epidemics in the DRC

An outbreak of Ebola in Equateur province in the north-west of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in May is the start of two-and-a-half years of multiple outbreaks of the deadly disease in the country. Responders struggle to contain a long-running epidemic that began in August 2018 in the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Ituri, due to the complexity of working in a conflict zone and the inability to gain the trust of communities. The three outbreaks collectively claim more than 2,300 lives.

MSF 2018

2018

Return to Palestine

Between March 2018 and December 2019, the Israeli army fires on nearly 8,000 Palestinians demonstrating every week for the right to access their ancestral lands at the fence that separates Gaza from Israel. People are left with broken bones, and the need for specialist treatment of complex injuries is far beyond the capacity of the local authorities and MSF. We are massively increasing our surgical and rehabilitation activities, but the difficulties persist in an area that has been under blockade for a decade.

2018

Punished for needing to leave

Governments around the world have tightened their borders and migration policies, accentuating the trend to keep migrants and refugees out. People attempting to leave Libya via the Mediterranean Sea have been intercepted repeatedly. People crossing Central America have faced unimaginable levels of violence. We have stepped up our response to migration, but not without setbacks; we have been forced to halt search and rescue operations due to the closure of Italian ports, and Nauru has expelled our teams trying to provide support to migrants trapped on this tiny South Pacific island.

2019

Large-scale measles outbreaks in Africa

The number of people suffering from measles is at its highest level in 25 years. Several countries on the African continent have experienced outbreaks of this highly contagious disease. Thousands of children have died worldwide. The DRC was particularly hard hit, where MSF teams used boats to find villages along rivers to provide vaccines as part of vaccination campaigns. MSF teams also responded to epidemics in Cameroon, Nigeria and Chad, among other countries.

MSF 2019

2019

90-90-90 HIV targets achieved in KwaZulu-Natal

One year ahead of the deadline set by UNAIDS, MSF's HIV project in Eshowe, in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, has achieved the 90-90-90 targets. These targets aim to ensure that 90% of people know their HIV status, that 90% of HIV-positive people are on treatment and that 90% of people on treatment are virally suppressed. This has been achieved thanks to the ongoing commitment of the community.

2020

Mothers killed in Dasht-e-Barchi, Afghanistan

On 12 May, a group of armed men stormed our maternity ward at Dasht-e-Barchi hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan, deliberately targeting women in labour and new mothers. The attackers killed 16 women, 2 boys and an MSF midwife. Due to the insecurity and the inability to guarantee patient safety, we took the difficult decision to withdraw, leaving the women of the region without comprehensive maternity care.

MSF 2020

 

2020

COVID-19 pandemic

An epidemic of a new coronavirus is turning into a global pandemic, with COVID-19 infecting nearly 85 million people and killing nearly 2 million in 2020 alone. In the face of growing difficulties, MSF teams work to maintain access to care and to respond to the pandemic, both in the countries where we work and in those where we have never had to intervene before. We also call on pharmaceutical companies not to profit from the pandemic and to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of vaccines.

Notre charte MSF

Médecins Sans Frontières est une association privée à vocation internationale.

L’association rassemble majoritairement des médecins et des membres des corps de santé et accueille d'autres professions utiles à sa mission. Tous souscrivent sur l’honneur aux principes suivants :

Les Médecins Sans Frontières apportent leurs secours aux populations en détresse, aux victimes de catastrophes d’origine naturelle ou humaine, de situation de belligérance, sans aucune discrimination de race, de religion, philosophique ou politique.

Œuvrant dans la neutralité et l’impartialité, les Médecins Sans Frontières revendiquent, au nom de l’éthique médicale universelle et du droit à l’assistance humanitaire, la liberté pleine et entière de l’exercice de leur fonction.

Ils s’engagent à respecter les principes déontologiques de leur profession et à maintenir une totale indépendance à l’égard de tout pouvoir, ainsi que de toute force politique, économique ou religieuse.

Volontaires, ils mesurent les risques et périls des missions qu’ils accomplissent et ne réclameront pour eux ou leurs ayants droit aucune compensation autre que celle que l’association sera en mesure de leur fournir.

L’engagement de MSF envers ces principes et leur impact a valu à MSF de se voir décerner le prix Nobel de la paix en 1999.

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