View of the facilities set up by MSF to supply most of the water in the Adre refugee camp. September 2023
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Alarming water crisis in Adré puts refugees’ lives at risk

On Monday, October 23, 2023

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La situation sanitaire des réfugié·e·s à Adré est précaire, avec des taux élevés de paludisme et de diarrhée aqueuse aiguë. Dans un camp aussi densément peuplé et manquant de soutien, des épidémies de grande ampleur auraient des conséquences catastrophiques. Les structures médicales gérées par MSF et d'autres organisations fonctionnent déjà à pleine capacité et les possibilités de référer les patient·e·s vers les hôpitaux sont très limitées.

L'afflux de nouveaux·elle·s arrivant·e·s à la fin de la saison des pluies risque d'exacerber la pénurie d'eau dans les camps d'Adré. D'ici la fin de l'année, 600 000 personnes réfugiées supplémentaires devraient arriver du Soudan, ce qui accentuera encore la pression sur les ressources en eau disponibles.

The health situation among refugees in Adré is precarious, with elevated rates of malaria and acute watery diarrhoea. Large-scale disease outbreaks in such a densely populated and under-supported refugee setting would have catastrophic consequences. Medical facilities run by MSF and other organisations are already operating at maximum capacity and hospital referral options are very limited. 

The water shortage in the Adré camps is likely to be exacerbated by an influx of new arrivals as the rainy season draws to a close. By the end of this year, an additional 600,000 refugees are expected to arrive from Sudan, placing even greater pressure on existing water resources in the camps.

General views in Camp Ecole hosting Sudanese refugees in Adré, Chad, August 23, 2023

In the refugee camps at Adré, in eastern Chad, some 200,000 people are receiving just five to six litres of water daily, well below the recommended emergency standard of 20 litres per day. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) serves as the primary water provider in the camps, distributing around 600,000 litres daily and covering more than 80 per cent of the available water supply for refugees. Despite these efforts, this amount is insufficient, especially in scorching weather. An insufficient water supply hinders basic needs such as washing and cooking, forcing people to turn to unsafe sources and increasing the risk of waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera.

International non-governmental organizations and donors must act promptly to address this pressing humanitarian crisis by ensuring that people in the camps gain sustainable access to safe drinking water.” Christophe Chauliac, MSF project coordinator, Adré

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