MSF undertakes to maintain a climate watch to anticipate future crises.
The MACA (Meteorological And Climate Anticipation) project, launched in 2019, aims to step up MSF’s capacity to anticipate extreme weather events so as to improve its medical and humanitarian response for the benefit of vulnerable population groups.
As extreme weather events are likely to become more intense and/or more frequent in many regions of the world, it is essential to predict them more accurately in order to respond effectively to their impact.
Part of this work consists of retrospectively examining past extreme weather events which have led to humanitarian crises so as to understand their causes and associated phenomena more fully.
Linking this knowledge to a real-time monitoring system opens up a whole range of new possibilities, enabling humanitarian actors to take targeted action to mitigate the impact of the hazard and improve the medical humanitarian emergency response.
From the end of the year, our teams will operate this watch in Haiti. The aim is to fill the gap between existing climate and meteorological services and the main results in terms of health in the country. This is a first step towards understanding the links between the climate/weather and health in the country, in order to anticipate future disasters and needs more effectively.
In Mozambique, we are working to adapt an existing early warning system for malaria, a disease caused by bites from infected mosquitoes. By adding to it certain parameters to be monitored (temperature, precipitation, humidity, land area flooded around projects, indexes for the health of vegetation), we can establish correlations with the propagation of this disease and do more to prevent its spread.